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  • Writer's pictureMarc Ziccardi

The Dangers of PFAS in Water

Water is the essence of life. Yet, it can also be a carrier of harmful substances.

One such substance is PFAS, or per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances. These man-made chemicals are used in various industries and are known for their persistence in the environment.


A lab technician tests a water sample for PFAS.

PFAS are often found in water, including drinking water. This is a growing concern due to the potential health risks associated with exposure.


In places around the country PFAS contamination in drinking water has become a significant issue. It's a problem that demands attention and action.


In this article, we'll delve into the dangers of PFAS in water. We'll explore what PFAS are, why they're a concern, and what can be done to address this issue.


Understanding PFAS: The 'Forever Chemicals'

PFAS are a group of man-made chemicals. They've been used since the 1940s in a range of products, from non-stick cookware to water-repellent clothing.


These chemicals are known as 'forever chemicals'. This is due to their resistance to degradation. They persist in the environment and can accumulate over time.


The primary sources of PFAS in water include industrial sites, wastewater treatment plants, and firefighting foam. Consumer products containing PFAS can also contribute to water pollution.


Understanding the nature and sources of PFAS is the first step in addressing their presence in our water.


PFAS in Drinking Water: A Growing Health Concern

The presence of PFAS in drinking water is a growing concern worldwide. These chemicals can enter the water supply through industrial waste, wastewater, and runoff from contaminated sites.


Once in the water supply, PFAS can be ingested by humans and animals. They can also accumulate in the body over time. This is particularly concerning due to the potential health risks associated with PFAS exposure.


The health effects of PFAS are still being studied. However, there is evidence to suggest that exposure to these chemicals can lead to a range of health problems.


Water faucet with water running.


Health Risks Associated with PFAS Exposure

Exposure to PFAS has been linked to a number of health issues. These include cancer, liver damage, and decreased fertility. There is also evidence to suggest an increased risk of asthma and thyroid disease.


Children and pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to the effects of PFAS. This is due to their developing bodies and the potential for PFAS to interfere with growth and development.


It's important to note that the health effects of PFAS can vary depending on the level and duration of exposure. More research is needed to fully understand the long-term health impacts of these chemicals.


Despite the need for further research, the evidence so far highlights the importance of addressing PFAS contamination in our water supplies.


Regulation and Testing for PFAS in Water

Regulation of PFAS in water is a complex issue. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued health advisories for PFAS, and testing for PFAS in water is crucial. It helps identify contamination and take steps to mitigate exposure. Various methods are used for testing, including liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry.


On April 10, 2024, EPA announced the final National Primary Drinking Water Regulation (NPDWR) for six PFAS. To read more on this, please visit NJ DEP website.


How to Test and Treat Your Water for PFAS

If you're concerned about PFAS in your water, you can have it tested. Many laboratories offer testing services for PFAS. It's important to choose a reputable lab (like Agra) for accurate results.


Once you've tested your water, what next? If PFAS are detected, you can install a water filtration system. Activated carbon filters and reverse osmosis systems can reduce PFAS levels.


Remember, not all filters are equally effective. It's crucial to choose a filter certified for PFAS removal.


  • Testing services for PFAS

  • Water filtration systems for PFAS removal

  • Importance of choosing a certified filter


Preventing and Reducing PFAS Pollution: What Can Be Done?

Preventing and reducing PFAS pollution requires a multi-pronged approach. At the individual level, we can make informed choices. Opt for PFAS-free products and ensure your drinking water is tested and treated.


At the community level, awareness and education are key. Understand the risks associated with PFAS and advocate for stricter regulations.


Industries also have a role to play. They must adopt safer alternatives to PFAS and ensure proper disposal of PFAS-containing waste.


Lastly, ongoing research is crucial. It helps us understand the long-term health effects of PFAS exposure and develop effective remediation technologies.


Community and Policy Efforts to Address PFAS Contamination

Communities affected by PFAS contamination are taking action. They're advocating for policy changes and more robust environmental protections.


At the policy level, state and federal agencies are working to assess PFAS contamination. They're developing strategies for cleanup and prevention.


Non-profit organizations and research institutions are also contributing. They're advancing our understanding of PFAS and pushing for stricter regulations.


In conclusion, addressing PFAS contamination requires collective action. It involves individuals, communities, industries, and policymakers working together towards a common goal.


FAQs About PFAS in Water

Many people have questions about PFAS in water. Here are some common queries:

  1. What are PFAS? PFAS, or per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, are a group of man-made chemicals. They're used in various industries and are known for their resistance to heat, water, and oil.

  2. How do PFAS end up in water? PFAS can enter water sources through industrial waste, wastewater treatment plants, and firefighting foam. They can also leach into groundwater from landfills.

  3. What are the health risks of PFAS in drinking water? Exposure to PFAS has been linked to various health issues. These include cancer, liver damage, decreased fertility, and increased risk of asthma and thyroid disease.

  4. How can I reduce my exposure to PFAS? You can reduce your exposure by using PFAS-free products. Also, ensure your drinking water is tested and treated for PFAS.


Remember, knowledge is power. The more you know about PFAS, the better you can protect yourself and your community.


Conclusion: The Importance of Awareness and Action

The issue of PFAS in water is a pressing concern. It's not just about environmental health, but also about our own well-being.


By staying informed and taking action, we can help protect our communities. Let's work together for a future with clean, safe water for all. Concerned about PFAS in your home's drinking water? Contact Agra and we're happy to address any questions and concerns.

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